Newton’s Laws of Motion – Mechanical Engineering

# Newton’s Laws of Motion

Newton’s first law of motion predicts the behavior of objects for which all existing forces are balanced. The first law – sometimes referred to as the law of inertia – states that if the forces acting upon an object are balanced, then the acceleration of that object will be 0 m/s/s. Objects at equilibrium (the condition in which all forces balance) will not accelerate. According to Newton, an object will only accelerate if there is a net or unbalanced force acting upon it. The presence of an unbalanced force will accelerate an object – changing its speed, its direction, or both its speed and direction.

Newton’s second law of motion pertains to the behavior of objects for which all existing forces are notbalanced. The second law states that the acceleration of an object is dependent upon two variables – thenet force acting upon the object and the mass of the object. The acceleration of an object depends directly upon the net force acting upon the object, and inversely upon the mass of the object. As the force acting upon an object is increased, the acceleration of the object is increased. As the mass of an object is increased, the acceleration of the object is decreased.