Determine Design Supply Airflow Rate

HVAC engineers use psychrometrics to translate the knowledge of heating or cooling loads (which are in kW or tons) into volume flow rates (in m3 /s or CFM) for the air to be circulated into the duct system. The volume flow rate is used to determine the size of fans, grills, outlets, air-handling units, and packaged units. This in turn affects the physical size (foot print) of air handling units and package units and is the single most important factor in conceptualizing the space requirements for mechanical rooms and also the air-distribution ducts.

The main function of the psychrometric analysis of an air-conditioning system is to determine the volume flow rates of air to be pushed into the ducting system and the sizing of the major system components. We will study this in detail but before that let’s first refresh some elementary psychrometrics

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